Sustainability science is a new concept that has been introduced recently to address the shortcomings traditional scientific inquiry that dealt with social institutions and how they interact with natural phenomena. The concept was officially introduced to the academic world in Amsterdam in 2001by the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change, the International Council for Science (ICSU), the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) and the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP). Sustainability science tries to provide an analytical and a scientific perspective to the general issues. It basically “brings together scholarship and practice, global and local perspectives from north and south, and disciplines across the natural and social sciences, engineering, and medicine — it can be usefully thought of as “neither ‘‘basic’’ nor ‘‘applied’’ research but as a field defined by the problems it addresses rather than by the disciplines it employs; it serves the need for advancing both knowledge and action by creating a dynamic bridge between the two.”
Just like sustainability, sustainability science draws some impetus from environmental science and sustainable development, which provides a base for sustainability.